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United States Uniforms
WWII To The Mid 1950's Period, US Army, 1942 Pattern, Coat, Wool Elastique, OD Dark Officer's, Belonging to an Infantry, Brigadier General, Named: "Wendell C. Phillippi", The Commanding General of the 38th Infantry Division "Cyclone" (Uniform as a Col.)
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This uniform is of the WWII to approimately the mid-1950's period. It is a US Army, 1942 Pattern, Coat, Wool Elastique, OD Dark Officer's. This uniform is named inside of the inside pocket to "W.C. Phillippi". The condition of this uniform conservatively rates a GOOD as there is a tiny 1/4" tear on the right top pocket flap, and another similar size tiny tears near one of the lapel "US" pins. Other than a snag or 2, the balance of this uniform is fine. There is no coat belt and buckle present as a leather one was probably worn instead, but the cloth belt is easily found.
The interior of the jacket is fully lined and partially quilted. The interior has a bevo style tailor's tag found on the outside of the inside pocket. It reads: "Tailored Expressly For L. Strauss & Co. Inc., Indianapolis,". Sewn on the inside of the upper inside pocket is a cloth ink stamped tailor's and name tage that reads: "L. Strauss & Co. Inc., Indianapolis". This tailor's tag has the name "W.C. Phillippi" typed on it which is excellent proof of provenance. There are 2 internal belt hangers present to attach brass belt hooks. One hook is present. The presence of these metal hooks usually, but not always means that a leather belt was substituted for the standard issue cloth belt (this may explain the absence of the cloth belt).
An odd feature of this coat's lining is that 2 huge inner pockets were added for what purpose we do not know. One is coming lose and the 2nd is present, be detached. The lining could use a seam repair or 2 as well. Pinned on each shoulder epaulette are magnificent, Colonel's, lefts and rights rank pins. They are the desirable pin back style, not the lesser clutch backs. They are also hallmarked "sterling". Pinned on each upper collar lapel are gold metal "US" pins. These are really cool as they are both matching, hallmarked, and are of the very desirable "snow flake" pattern. The snow flake patterns are through research reported to have been made only in the WWII period and not post war. Each lower collar lapel has a gold metal Infantry, crossed rifles, Officer's, branch insignia. They are both matching and hallmarked. The buttons are all of the deluxe 2 piece eagle types, are back marked, and are sewn on with correct thread. Each lower sleeve has the mohair cloth rings of Officer status. Each upper sleeve shows evidence of a patch having been of one time sewn on. The museum is including a original 36th Infantry Division patch for his right sleeve.
This uniform includes a pair of January 15th, 1945 dated, "Trousers, Wool, Elastique, OD Dark, Officer's, M-1944, Spec. P.Q.D. 49C, Pat. Date March, 1944". These trousers are in VERY GOOD condition with only a few moth nips here and there. They have a bevo-style cloth tag that reads "Regulation Army Officer's Trousers", which means that these trousers are of a private purchase. There is a name inked inside of "Colver", and also of "WCP" (for "Wendell C. Phillippi" we assume). To help complete this uniform the museum has added a tie with a large paper tag that reads "December 15th 1950 dated, 10 Neckties, Cotton, Mohair, Dark OD Shade #51, Beau Brummel Ties Inc., Contract No. DA 30-280-Q.M. 8206-O.I. 7906, Specification No. 6-356. New York Q.M. Procurement Agency". This tie came out of a bag of 10 that we found, and the lucky buyer of this uniform not only gets the tie - but also the large paper tag that the ties were wrapped in. Also added is a nice Officer's style, O.D. color shirt. The shirt is in GOOD condition. It also has a bevo-style cloth tag inside that reads "Regulation, Army Officer's Shirt, Dry Clean. This uniform includes 9 pages of historical/biographical information on General Phillippi. Also included is a cut out, 1 sided magazine (?) picture are Marines at Iwo Jima. The back side printed blank, but is hand written on instead. It is in the hand of the General himself and lists briefly some of his biographical information. It mentions that he was the Commanding General of the 38th (Indiana, National Guard) Infantry Division between 1959-1963. etc. Also included is a piece of his 1990 dated Major General's stationary with his name and phone number printed on it. The last inclusion is a 1975 dated incitation to the opening ceremonies of a naval museum.
Comments from the Curator
This is a nicely named and identified WWII period US Army uniform. While a Colonel in rank, it is known that Phillippi attained the rank of a Major General (i.e.: a 2 Star General) by 1959. Phillippi was a Major in the 36th Infantry Division in WWII and became the Commanding General of the 38th Infantry Division "Cyclone" by 1959. In WWII then Captain Phillippi, Assistant S-3, served in the "M" Company, 142nd Infantry Regiment. After which he became the Commanding Officer of the Headquarter Command 143rd Infantry Regiment. He saw much
in WWII and served through an amazing 7 campaigns in Europe with 2 of them "Initial Landings". This earned him a Combat Infantryman's Badge. He also had a Silver Star Medal, a Bronze Star Medal with 1 Oak Leaf Cluster, and even a Purple Heart Medal, making this grouping highly desirable for a collector. It is also a quite affordable set as well.
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