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General Lyman Lemnitzer's Chocolate Garrison Cap
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Cap is from the General Lyman Lemnitzer estate auction of 2007, and is 1 of 4 different caps acquired by the museum Cap has a cloth tailor's tag sewn inside Cap terminology is: Caps, Garrison, Wool Elastique, O.D. Dark, Officer's, Spec. P.Q.D. No. 100D Dated August 22, 1944 Type I. Cap is a M-1940 Model The Dark O.D. official color is often referred to by collectors as the chocolate color, and was worn with the officer's "pinks and greens" uniform Has bright gold braid for a General Has a very rare machine sewn-on glider patch on the right side Has 2 sterling silver metal General's stars insignia pinned to the left side Comes with 8 pages of biographical/historical information on the career of General Lemnitzer Includes a large archives photo of General Lemnitzer
Biographical Information on General Lyman Lemnitzer
Born at Honesdale, Pennsylvania, August 29, 1899, he graduated from West Point in 1920 and was commissioned in the Coast Artillery. After graduating from the Coast Artillery School in 1921, he served in Rhode Island and the Philippines. He was an instructor at West Point, 1926-30, and after a second tour in the Philippines, 1934-35. After graduation from the Command and General Staff School in 1936, he was an instructor at the Coast Artillery School until 1939. In 1940, on graduating from the Army War College, he was assigned to staff duty with Coast Artillery units in the South. In May 1941, by then a Colonel, he joined the General Staff in Washington, serving in the War Plans Division and on the Army Ground Forces Staff. In June 1942, he was promoted to Brigadier General in command of the 34th Anti-Aircraft Brigade, but soon received appointment as Assistant Chief of Staff of the Allied Forces Headquarters, under General Dwight D. Eisenhower, in London. After aiding in the planning of the North African invasion, he resumed command of the 34th in February 1943 and led it in the opening phases of General George Patton's Sicilian Campaign. In late June 1943, he became Deputy Chief of Staff of the Allied 15th Army Group (US 7th, British 8th) under General Sir Harold R.L.G. Alexander. He was promoted to Major General in November 1944 and remained with Alexander when the latter became Field Marshal, Supreme Allied Commander, Mediterranean Theater, in December 1944. From November 1945-August 1947, he was the Army Member of the Strategic Survey Committee of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and then Deputy Commandant of the National War College until October 1949. After a year as Director of the Office of Military Assistance in the Department of Defense, he underwent parachute training - at the age of 51 - and was given command of the 11th Airborne Division, Fort Campbell, Kentucky. In November 1951, he was ordered in Korea to command the 7th Infantry Division. He was promoted to Lieutenant General in August 1952 and was named Deputy Chief of Staff of the Army for Plans and Research. In March 1955 he was appointed Commander of US Army Forces in the Far East and of the 8th Army, with the rank of General, and in June became Commander of the Far East Command and of the United Nations command and Governor of Ryuku Island. In July 1957, he succeeded General Maxwell D. Taylor as Chief of Staff of the Army. He held that post through September 1960 when he was appointed Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In November 1962, he became Commander of US Forces in Europe, and in January 1963 succeeded to the post of Supreme Allied Commander, Europe. He retired from the Army in July 1969. In 1975 he was appointed by President Gerald Ford to a blue-ribbon panel to investigate domestic activities of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). He was greatly respected as a strategist, one of the most durable soliders of his time, his powers in no degree were diminished even in advanced age. He died on November 12, 1988 and was buried in Section 30 of Arlington National Cemetery. His wife, Katherine Tryon Lemnitzer (1901-1994) is buried with him.
Biographical information attained from The Arlington National Cemetery Website
Comments from the Curator
This item is the ultimate combat Generals cap that a collector could ever hope to find. It meets all of the necessary criteria to be a top-of-the-line collectible for the advanced collector. These criteria are: he was a General in World War II he saw combat as a General in WWII he obtained the highest rank possible in the post WWII period (that of a 4 Star General) he held the highest level of domestic command (that of "Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff") he held the highest level of overseas command (that of "Supreme Allied Commander of NATO") The provenance of this cap is from the estate auction in 2007. The Lemnitzer estate auction was held in 2007 and 1 uniform, and 4 of General Lemnitzer's caps were all that this museum could acquire due to the tremendously high prices relized for each item of the auction. This museum's website is also listing General Lemnitzer's uniform and other 3 caps for sale as well. This is a once in a lifetime chance to own a truly spectacular "attributed" combat Generals cap.
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